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Israel-Palestine Conflict

This library guide is curated to assist students at Black Hawk College in exploring and understanding the complex and multifaceted nature of the Israel-Palestine conflict.

Guide Disclaimer

Welcome to the research guide on the Israel-Palestine conflict. Before you begin exploring the resources provided, we would like to acknowledge that this guide covers a topic that is not only deeply complex and ongoing but also involves sensitive content.

Please be advised that some of the materials, including images and videos, within this guide may depict scenes of violence and graphic imagery as a result of the conflict. These resources are included to provide a comprehensive and unfiltered understanding of the realities and consequences of the conflict. However, they may be distressing for some individuals.

We encourage all users to exercise discretion while engaging with these materials. If you find any content particularly unsettling, please feel free to reach out to our Counseling Services on campus for support. Our aim is to educate and inform, and we understand the importance of mental and emotional well-being in this process.

It is also important to remember that this conflict is characterized by a diversity of narratives and perspectives. In this guide, we strive to present a balanced view, acknowledging the sensitivity and complexity of the issues at hand. We encourage you to approach this topic with an open mind and a critical eye.

Thank you for your understanding and thoughtful engagement with this guide.

United Nations Graphic Timeline of Conflict

Late 19th Century - Early Zionism:

  • 1897: The First Zionist Congress convened by Theodor Herzl in Basel, Switzerland, advocating for the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.

British Mandate Period:

  • 1917: The Balfour Declaration issued by the British government, supporting the establishment of a "national home for the Jewish people" in Palestine.
  • 1920-1947: British Mandate of Palestine. Period marked by growing Jewish immigration and increasing conflict.

Formation of Israel and Early Conflicts:

  • 1947: The UN proposes the partition of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states. The plan is accepted by Jewish leaders but rejected by Arab leaders.
  • 1948: Declaration of the State of Israel, followed by the Arab-Israeli War. Massive displacement of Palestinians in what is known as the Nakba.
  • 1956, 1967, 1973: Successive wars (Suez Crisis, Six-Day War, Yom Kippur War) leading to significant territorial changes and escalating the conflict.

Major Peace Efforts and Intifadas:

  • 1978: Camp David Accords, leading to the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty in 1979.
  • 1987-1993: First Intifada, a Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation.
  • 1993: Oslo Accords signed, aiming to achieve a peace treaty based on UN Resolutions 242 and 338.
  • 2000-2005: Second Intifada following the collapse of peace talks.

Recent Developments:

  • 2005: Israel's unilateral disengagement from Gaza.
  • 2006-2023: Ongoing conflict with intermittent periods of escalated violence, including Gaza wars (e.g., 2008-09, 2014) and shifting geopolitical dynamics in the region.
  • 2020: Abraham Accords, normalization agreements between Israel and several Arab countries.
  • 2023: October 7th, 2023. Hamas launched an attack on Israel. This attack  marked the beginning of the 2023 Israel-Hamas war.

About this Guide

This library guide was created by the BHC Library to help you find and access resources relating to the Israel-Palestine Conflict. You will find the following information in this guide:

  • Guides and tutorials on how to use library resources and services on the How Do I...? page
  • The most relevant  resources by format
  • Assistance with MLA and APA style and citations

Should you need further assistance, please contact a librarian and we will be glad to help.